- young leaves can be eaten raw.
- leaves are best finely chopped or when cooked with fibers removed.
- seeds can be dried and ground into flour/meal.
- varieties in the Pacific Northwest include Common plantain (Plantago major) and Narrow-leaved plantain (Plantago lanceolata).
- grows in a wide range of areas, including disturbed/cultivated soil in plains, foothills, and montane regions.